With an approximate world population of 6. Thomas Malthus’ pessimistic projections of overpopulation in his 1798 work Essay on Thomas malthus essay on the principle of population, as correct.
It is difficult not to think or be concerned about population growth’s effects on our environmental and economic sustainability. With a projected 47 percent change in world population by the year 2050, will food production be able to keep up with reproduction? Malthus’ answer to these questions would most likely be, “No”. However generally speaking, nearly two centuries after Malthus, the overall quality of life has significantly improved. For Malthus, the two main aspects of human life were reproduction and food.
His basic concern regarding natural resources was that it would not and could not keep pace with population growth. I believe this to be only the “half truth”. To some degree, slowing down population growth is essential for long-term sustainability. However, I believe that Malthus underestimated technology’s role in agricultural production and overestimated the problem of population growth. The need for a system of “preventive checks” on population is not to the extent that Malthus once proposed.