All research reports use roughly the same format. It doesn’t matter whether you’ve done a customer satisfaction survey, an employee opinion survey, a health care survey, or a marketing research survey. All have the same basic structure and format. Once you’ve learned the basic rules for research proposal and report writing, you can the research proposal them to any research discipline.
The same rules apply to writing a proposal, a thesis, a dissertation, or any business research report. General considerations Research papers usually have five chapters with well-established sections in each chapter. Readers of the paper will be looking for these chapters and sections so you should not deviate from the standard format unless you are specifically requested to do so by the research sponsor. Most research studies begin with a written proposal.
Again, nearly all proposals follow the same format. In fact, the proposal is identical to the first three chapters of the final paper except that it’s writtten in future tense. In the proposal, you might say something like “the researchers will secure the sample from “, while in the final paper, it would be changed to “the researchers secured the sample from “. The most commonly used style for writing research reports is called “APA” and the rules are described in the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association. Any library or bookstore will have it readily available.
The style guide contains hundreds of rules for grammar, layout, and syntax. This paper will cover the most important ones. Avoid the use of first person pronouns. Refer to yourself or the research team in third person. Instead of saying “I will ” or “We will “, say something like “The researcher will ” or “The research team will “.
A paper that looks like a draft, will interpreted as such, and you can expect extensive and liberal modifications. Take the time to put your paper in perfect APA format before showing it to anyone else. The payoff will be great since it will then be perceived as a final paper, and there will be far fewer changes. Style, layout, and page formatting Title page All text on the title page is centered vertically and horizontally. The title page has no page number and it is not counted in any page numbering.