Research paper on water conservation

Extremely small recharge rates in the Ogallala Aquifer indicate depletion is inevitable, and that has policymakers scrambling to find ways to prolong its life and ensure a smooth transition to the dryland production to minimize impacts on the overall economy, said Dr. Park said, however, not all tools proposed or implemented by policymakers will be effective in working toward that research paper on water conservation. Water Resources and Economics journal and provides a look at the alternatives being offered and their potential to conserve water. Hailong Jin, at the Black Hills State University College of Business and Natural Sciences.

Funding was provided through the U. Agricultural Research Service Ogallala Aquifer Program. Using the Ogallala Aquifer as an example, their paper analyzes whether current and potential groundwater conservation policies across the Southern Great Plains provide profit-driven farmers with incentives to save water. We also wanted to look at the effectiveness of the alternatives based on regional characteristics such as groundwater depth, satiation thickness and feasible crop patterns. He said a majority of existing literature modeled the future depletion rate of the Ogallala Aquifer from the perspective of a regulatory agency that can allocate water use effectively and in an efficient manner.

However, farmers tend to make short-term decisions in response to current output prices and input costs without considering long-term profit consequences. These are more promising to achieve water savings, as it directly rewards farmers for actual water saved. Water rights retirement programs or water buyout programs are an example of providing compensation on a land basis for farmers willing to retire their water right, she said. However, our results show a fixed compensation rate tends to attract the land with low productivity and high water cost, thus compromising the program’s effectiveness because most of the enrolled land initially did not use much irrigation water. Wang said conceptual models on farmer incentives rarely consider these factors, so their study filled in those gaps. Park said future studies should examine the relationship between water pumping cost, crop price and crop patterns to identify the proper price subsidy to more water-conservative crops to achieve the water conservation goal. After all, it is the farmers who make the water-conservation decisions.

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