This guide is intended to help you cite sources in MLA style, avoid plagiarism, learn what MLA style is and includes, find examples of MLA style, lead you to campus resources that can help you cite sources in MLA, and more. Please note that the information provided on these pages is intended to be a owl purdue mla research paper, not expert advice. Navigate through this guide by using the tabs to the left and visit the Citing Your Sources guide for more information. What is MLA style or format?
How do I cite a website in MLA style? How do I cite sources in MLA style? How do I do an in-text citation in MLA style? How do I cite an image in MLA style? We keep a copy of the handbook at the Library Reference Desk at all three Reynolds campuses. These are elements common to most citations. By using the core elements, any item can be cited, regardless of format.
Please play close attention to the punctuation after each element. When an element is unavailable, it is simply skipped. A container is the larger work that includes the source. This playbook uses the core elements to format the most common types of citations, but it is recommended that everyone spend some time learning how to put the elements together to format any citation. Your selected text will now be formatted with a hanging indent. To access this tutorial, you will need to first login to My Reynolds.
You can also access any Hoonuit tutorial by clicking on the Hoonuit option from the My Reynolds main menu. Evaluating Web Sources: Is It FLAWED? You may quote, you may paraphrase, or you may summarize. As your instructor reads your essay, he or she should clearly be able to see which sentences, facts, or sections of your essay came from Source A, Source B, Source C, etc. You can give credit to your sources within your text in two different ways: by using a signal phrase or by simply using an in-text citation. Signal phrase: signal phrase lets the reader know, right at the beginning of the sentence, that the information he or she is about to read comes from another source. Notice that since I took a direct quote from John Smith’s book, I placed those words in quotation marks.
I have to say now that they know that my information comes from a credible source. In-Text Citation: Use an in-text citation in situations where you are not quoting someone directly but rather using information from another source such as a fact, summary, or paraphrase to support your own ideas. Notice that it’s clear within this sentence that I’m referring to a person’s belief or conclusion, but since this person’s name does not appear at the beginning of the sentence, I have placed her name and the page number where I retrieved this information in parentheses at the end of the sentence. Summaries are most often used to condense larger texts into more manageable chucks. How to Write an Effective Summary: Cover up the original article. It is key that you not quote from the original work. Restate what you’ve read in your own words and be sure to give the author credit using an in-text citation.
Example: Katherine Porter believes that, while getting a college degree can be expensive and time consuming, the benefits greatly outweigh the costs. She discusses the economic, social, and cultural benefits of higher education in “The Value of a College Degree. A paraphrase is not an exact copy of the original, so simply changing a few words here and there is not acceptable. Whatever your age, health and well-being can affect your ability to do well in college.
A legitimate paraphrase: No matter what condition your body is in, you can pretty much guarantee that poor health habits will lead to a lack of academic success. Because the art of paraphrasing is more concise than summarizing, a true paraphrase shows that you as a researcher completely understand the source work. Quoting your sources If you need help incorporating your sources into your essay, the first thing you’ll need to remember is that quotes cannot stand alone—they can’t be placed in a sentence all by themselves. You need to make each quote a part of your essay by introducing it beforehand and commenting on it afterward. Think of each quote like a sandwich—the quote is the meat on the inside, but before you taste the meat, you must also be introduced to the sandwich by the bread. After you bite down on that meat, you need the other piece of bread to round out the meal.
The bottom piece of bread points out what was important about the quote and elaborates on what was being said. Quoting FAQ’s How do I use partial quotations to liven up my writing? Be sure to introduce the author from the source work within the sentence itself and use quotation marks. No comma is necessary to introduce the quoted phrase. Margaret Reardon points out that today’s economy cars are “better equipped” to handle accidents than the smaller cars of the past. What are block quotations and how are they handled?
Block, or indent, quotations longer than four lines of type. When a quotation is indented, the use of quotation marks is not necessary, and the page number is included outside the ending punctuation. Like many people who enjoy a leisurely pace of living with such attendant activities as reading, painting, or gardening, I often long for a simpler time, a time when families amused themselves by telling stories after supper, as opposed to watching Baghdad get bombed. Block quotes are indented by one inch, and should be used sparingly. How do I punctuate shorter quotations? For a quotation shorter than four lines, quotation marks are used and the page numbers fall inside the ending punctuation. Do I use a comma or a colon to introduce a quotation?