It has been suggested that Strategic human resource planning be merged into this article. It is designed to maximize human resources research paper topics performance in service of an employer’s strategic objectives. Human resources’ overall purpose is to ensure that the organization is able to achieve success through people.
HR professionals manage the human capital of an organization and focus on implementing policies and processes. HR is a product of the human relations movement of the early 20th century, when researchers began documenting ways of creating business value through the strategic management of the workforce. The Human Resources field evolved first in 18th century in Europe. During the latter half of the 20th century, union membership declined significantly, while workforce management continued to expand its influence within organizations. In the late 20th century, advances in transportation and communications greatly facilitated workforce mobility and collaboration. Corporations began viewing employees as assets.
Several popular media productions have depicted human resource management in operation. Dave Ulrich lists the functions of HR as: aligning HR and business strategy, re-engineering organization processes, listening and responding to employees, and managing transformation and change. At the macro-level, HR is in charge of overseeing organizational leadership and culture. HR also ensures compliance with employment and labor laws, which differ by geography, and often oversees health, safety, and security. Based on the geographic location, there are various legislations in place. Human Resource Management has four basic functions: staffing, training and development, motivation and maintenance. Staffing is the recruitment and selection of potential employees, done through interviewing, applications, networking, etc.