D Funding: Quick Agency Profiles THE FEDERAL FUNDING LANDSCAPE IS COMPLEX AND EVER-CHANGING. HERE, WE DRILL DOWN AND PROVIDE BRIEF, UP-TO-DATE PROFILES Example of research question in research proposal U. D and where do the dollars go?
This is a confusing question as there are many categories of research and development and many ways to look at spending. As seen in the graph below, changes in the research funding landscape tend to be incremental from year to year. An exception was the period 1998-2003 when the budget of the NIH doubled. D funds via the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act, mainly to NIH, NSF, and DOE. D grants in my areas of interest?
D funds are spent depends a great deal on the nation’s priorities and the mission, history, and political health of individual agencies. The budget table below summarizes the nation’s forecasted spending in science across its largest agencies in 2013. Below, we attempt to provide more information of this flavor agency-by-agency via profiles we have adapted from AAAS. What is NSF’s Role in Funding Scientific Research? 6 of the entire national budget. 6B, a decline of about 2.
There has been discussion of fixing the 6. D budget, but this target has never yet been reached. T and Development are shown in Figure 1. To understand DOD’s spending priorities, one must understand its numerical lingo. 2 are research categories whereas 6. E Management and Support, and 6.
T budget will look like the following: 6. If we exclude development activities, the 6. 6B funds a variety of players. The National Institutes of Health comprise 27 Institutes and Centers. Funding by general institute and funding mechanism categories is shown in Figures 1 and 2 below. 431K and project duration about 3. The average age of a first-time R01 grantee remains at 42 years old.
NIH’s own sizeable research laboratories, mostly in Bethesda, MD. 775 million in 2013, down 0. NIH will strive to maintain success rates for new and early career investigators comparable to those of the overall population. 2013 will be the new National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences. What is NSF’s Role in Funding Scientific Research? NSF is the only federal agency with responsibility for all science and engineering disciplines.
Major Research Equipment and Facilities Construction. NSF funding is awarded via a merit-based award process. NSF estimates that it will provide 12,000 competitive awards from a proposal pool of 55,000 in FY 2013. NSF continues to enjoy bilateral Congressional support and recognition in terms of the value NSF brings to the nation.
In terms of national impact on research, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration funds around 16 percent of all federal support for engineering research and 7 percent of all federal support for basic and applied research. Historical spending by NASA in 5 major categories is shown in Figure 1. NASA funding over the past three cycles, however, has not met authorized levels stipulated in the NASA Reauthorization Act of 2010. Combined with America’s reliance now on foreign rockets, increasing ISS costs, and uncertainty around future appropriations, NASA’s programs and direction appear in question. Favored engineering sub-fields include aero- and astronomical engineering. In environmental sciences, significant funds flow to oceanography and atmospheric and geological sciences. Investment in the physical sciences favors astronomy, chemistry, and physics.
The amount funneled to universities placed NASA 4th in 2007 behind NIH, NSF, and DOD in sponsorship of academic research. 1 federal sponsor of the physical sciences, supplying nearly half of all federal supporting this science category. 3 of all federally-supported physics research. D also favors computer sciences, mathematics, and engineering research in materials science and nanotechnology.