Every human being is capable of thinking, but some say that few are able to practice critical thinking. Critical thinking science is the mental process, the act and the ability to produce thoughts.
People think about almost everything and anything. They often think of people, things, places, and anything without a reason or as a result of a trigger of a stimulus. In any given situation, thinking is an action that requires the person to form a thought about that situation. Any thought can be formed, even without facts or evidence. When critical thinking is applied, the mind is open to all considerations, assumptions, and details before actually forming a thought or an opinion.
To illustrate, imagine a person at a bookstore. This person can pick out a book and think that the book is good upon first impression. A critical thinking person would open the book, read some passages, and read about the author before actually deciding whether to buy the book or not. The customer might often wonder about the title or why the author chose to write this particular piece of literature.
A thinker may accept facts or realities based on faith alone and without examination and analysis of the issue. In this situation, there is no need for evidence or the effort to produce it and its examination. Critical thinking is the opposite of all of this. It often requires a lot of time, questions, and considerations.
It also involves a longer process before arriving at a conclusion or decision. Individuals who apply critical thinking are often open-minded and mindful of alternatives. They try to be well informed and do not jump to conclusions. Critical thinkers know and identify conclusions, reasons, and assumptions. They use clarifying and probing questions in order to formulate their reasonable situations and arguments. They often try to integrate all items in the situation and then draw conclusions with reason and caution. Critical thinking is an on-going process and activity.