Comprehension and critical thinking

Enter the characters you see below Sorry, we just need to comprehension and critical thinking sure you’re not a robot. A written passage or text may include information that is explicitly stated and requires thinking within the text.

You must gather and remember the essential information necessary to understand the main ideas in the text. Both versions of the Reading test consist of multiple choice questions based on long and short reading passages as well as brief statements. The literal comprehension questions test your ability to think within the text and consider what has been literally and explicitly stated. Sometimes readers need to think beyond the literal meaning of the text to critically analyze and evaluate the information in the text and to make inferences about the main idea or the primary purpose of the passage. Questions based on critical and inferential comprehension test your ability to critically evaluate a reading selection and its messages.

Critical comprehension is more than stating an opinion about the text. Literal Comprehension Achieving success on the PRAXIS Reading test depends on your literal comprehension or your ability to understand what you read. The following sections look more closely at literal comprehension and how to approach questions within this area. Identifying the Main Idea For the Reading test, you need to identify the main idea of a reading passage. The main idea is the central point the author is trying to get across. The multiple-choice questions may ask you to identify the correct sentence that states the main idea. In some cases, the main idea of a reading passage is not always directly stated, which means you have to figure it out.

Look for sentences that provide examples about the topic. Examples can lead you to the main idea of the passage. The main idea may be introduced through facts given in the opening paragraph that relate to the topic. Let’s take a look at two different passages. In the first passage, the author clearly states the main idea in the first sentence.

In the second passage, the author implies the main idea through a variety of examples. Home computers are used for a variety of different tasks. Some people use their computers to play multimedia games or simple games such as Solitaire. Home computers can also be used for managing finances. You can use your computer to pay bills and perform bank transactions.

Another use for home computers is online communication. If your computer is connected to the Internet, it can be used for chat and email. Now, let’s talk about guidelines for a minute. For a standard user account, be it a local access or domain account, passwords should never be written down. This provides the greatest amount of security. The Administrator account password, however, is a different story. The main idea of this paragraph is why it is important to keep your computer passwords safe.

On the Reading test, main idea questions will typically ask you to select the statement that best summarizes or expresses the main idea of the passage. Identifying the Purpose People write for a reason, whether it is to inform or entertain readers. The purpose of a passage identifies why the author chose to write the text. For the Reading test, you should determine the author’s purpose for writing the passage. To entertain: The writer uses humor or some other technique to amuse the reader. To describe something: The writer gives the reader information.

To explain something: The writer explains something to the reader, such as how to perform a specific task. To persuade: The writer attempts to convince the reader that the opinion in the essay is true. Purpose questions will typically ask you to select the statement that best describes the author’s motivation for writing the text. Supporting Ideas Supporting ideas are additional pieces of information that further explain or support the main idea of a reading passage.

Supporting ideas might include facts, ideas, or descriptions. When distinguishing between a main idea and a supporting idea, remember that the main idea reflects the meaning of the entire reading passage while a supporting idea adds to the main idea. When it comes to selecting the correct supporting idea from a list of possible choices, eliminate those choices that do not add to the main idea or contain information not mentioned in the passage. Organization Organization refers to an understanding of how the author has created the shape or structure of the text. It also includes an understanding of how the author compares and contrasts information, how the writer presents problems and solutions, the writer’s use of descriptive language, how the author organizes events in chronological sequence, and how the writer uses language to reveal cause and effect. Cause-effect: Presents an action or event that causes an effect or outcome. Some signal words and phrases include consequently, hence, because, and for this reason.